Category: History of India

  • Marx on the Indian Revolt, the violence of the oppressed, and imperialist hypocrisy

    Marx on the Indian Revolt, the violence of the oppressed, and imperialist hypocrisy

    The following short article by Karl Marx, published in the New York Daily Tribune in 1857, comments on the Indian Rebellion that broke out against the British East India Company the same year. In a few short lines, Marx skewers the hypocrisy of respectable English society reeling in horror at the violence of the rebels; the product…

  • The Amritsar massacre – 100 years on: never forgive, never forget

    The Amritsar massacre – 100 years on: never forgive, never forget

    13th April 2019 marks the centenary of the Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) massacre in colonial Punjab, India. Around 1,000 unarmed victims were indiscriminately killed and over 1,500 others were injured in just ten bloody minutes by a company of the British Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer. There was no escape for those who…

  • Indian Independence: A Revolution lost

    Indian Independence: A Revolution lost

    In this article we summarise British rule in India and examine the main and most influential political characters, which eventually led to India being broken up, at Partition as it became known. Partition could have been avoided had it not been for the failure of the Communist Party of India (CPI) to provide the revolutionary…

  • Gandhi: the myths behind the Mahatma

    Gandhi: the myths behind the Mahatma

    Mahatma Gandhi, the defining figure of the Indian nationalist campaign against British colonial rule in India, is known by most as an anti-imperialist, whose peaceful non-violent methods helped to overthrow British rule. This myth has been perpetuated by many. The truth, however, is that he betrayed as many as he inspired in the independence campaign,…

  • India and Pakistan: Traumatic Partition and the Elusive Independence

    India and Pakistan: Traumatic Partition and the Elusive Independence

    August 14th and 15th are celebrated as the days of independence of Pakistan and India from direct British imperialist rule. It is celebrated with great pomp and fervour, prompted by the state and the corporate media. The official historians of the ruling classes both in India and Pakistan have their own interpretations of the struggle…

  • The forsaken history of liberation

    The forsaken history of liberation

    South Asia’s elite historians have deliberately distorted certain events within their accounts of the struggle against British imperial rule and subsequent bloody partitioning. One such significant episode was the struggle of the Hindustan Revolutionary Socialist Association (HSRA) and its most renowned martyr Bhagat Singh. On the 23rd of March 1931 the twenty three year old…

  • Thesis of Indian Fourth Internationalists

    Thesis of Indian Fourth Internationalists

    1941 The following document is a section of a thesis adopted in the latter part of 1941 by the formation committee of the Bolshevik-Leninist Party of India as the programme on which all Marxist revolutionists could form a single revolutionary party. Together with certain other groups, the original committee has now constituted the Bolshevik-Leninist Party…

  • The Political Relevance of Bhagat Singh

    The Political Relevance of Bhagat Singh

    Bhagat Singh was an outstanding figure in the struggle for Indian independence, and paid dearly for his ideals by being hanged by the British colonialists of the time. Attempts have been made to distort what he really stood for, but what is clear from some of his writings is that he rejected the idea of…

  • Indian independence (part 3) – Role of the Communist Party of India during Partition

    Indian independence (part 3) – Role of the Communist Party of India during Partition

    In the 1940s the Communist Party of India (CPI) was a prisoner of the policies imposed by Stalin on the international communist movement. In backward and colonial countries, Stalin decreed, the movement had to go through two stages – democracy, then socialism. This proved disastrous for the workers of the whole of the Indian subcontinent.…

  • Indian independence (Part 2) – The crime of partition

    Indian independence (Part 2) – The crime of partition

    Today marks the 60th anniversary of Indian independence from British rule. In reality, the partition of India in 1947 cut through the living body of whole communities, leading to untold death and misery. This was all part of the tried and tested method of divide and rule and behind it lay the interests of privileged…